By Peter Dombrowski, Eugene Gholz
In Buying army Transformation, Peter Dombrowski and Eugene Gholz research the USA military's ongoing attempt to capitalize on details know-how. New principles approximately army doctrine derived from comparisons to web Age company practices may be applied provided that the army buys technologically leading edge guns structures. Buying army Transformation examines how political and armed forces leaders paintings with the safety to strengthen the small ships, unmanned aerial cars, complicated communications gear, and systems-of-systems integration that would let the recent army format.
Dombrowski and Gholz's research integrates the political courting among the protection and Congress, the bureaucratic courting among the companies and the army companies, and the technical features of other kinds of companies. Many govt officers and analysts think that in basic terms entrepreneurial start-up organizations or leaders in advertisement info know-how markets can produce the recent, network-oriented army apparatus. yet Dombrowski and Gholz locate that the present protection could be most sensible capable of lead military-technology improvement, even for gear modeled at the civilian web. The U.S. executive is already spending billions of greenbacks every year on its ''military transformation'' program-money that may be simply misdirected and wasted if policymakers spend it at the incorrect initiatives or paintings with the inaccurate firms.
In addition to this functional implication, Buying army Transformation deals key classes for the speculation of ''Revolutions in army Affairs.'' a sequence of army analysts have argued that significant social and financial adjustments, just like the shift from the rural Age to the economic Age, inherently strength similar alterations within the army. Buying army Transformation undermines this technologically determinist declare: advertisement innovation doesn't at once ensure army innovation; as a substitute, political management and army firms opt for the trajectory of safeguard funding. Militaries may still put money into new expertise according to strategic threats and armed forces leaders' expert judgments concerning the gear had to enhance army effectiveness. advertisement technological development on its own doesn't generate an critical for army transformation.
Clear, cogent, and interesting, Buying army Transformation is key studying for reporters, legislators, policymakers, and scholars.
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Extra resources for Buying Military Transformation: Technological Innovation and the Defense Industry
They have begun to work closely with Congress, speciﬁc military customers and other ﬁrms, both traditional and nontraditional, to produce network-centric equipment, software, and services. In fairness to Vice Admiral Cebrowski, who we are using as representative of a wide range of ofﬁcers and civilian proponents of NCW, his initial instincts about what needed to be done were a product of the times and, perhaps most important, the intellectual origins of the NCW vision. When the admiral and others ﬁrst became interested in the problem of innovation and the defense industry’s ability to meet the needs of transformation, the defense industry was in the depths of a slump.
E X P L A I N I N G I N N OVAT I O N IN M I L I TA RY D O C T R I N E The theories of military innovation circulating in the security studies community have generally sought to explain the origin of doctrinal visions. How were entrepreneurs like Vice Admiral Cebrowski able to develop their ideas into a comprehensive package of concepts for importing the civilian information revolution into the military sphere? Military analysts continue to debate the mechanisms. 42 Barry Posen argues that most innovation in military doctrine stems from the actions of civilian politicians.
A communications network overlays existing military equipment, allowing units to coordinate with each other and sometimes even to talk to forces from other military services, but little of the existing equipment was designed to rely on network connectivity for its core functionality. One key goal of military transformation is to capitalize on the individual initiative of small-unit commanders, which requires giving those commanders access to sufﬁcient information not only to make tactically 18 IMPLEMENTING MILITARY INNOVATION optimal choices based on local information but also operationally optimal choices based on collaboration with other friendly forces.
Buying Military Transformation: Technological Innovation and the Defense Industry by Peter Dombrowski, Eugene Gholz