By John Vivian
John Vivian tells you every thing you want to be aware of to construct your personal stone partitions from begin to end. He covers every thing from simple apparatus and fabrics to construction preserving partitions, construction in gates and stiles, relocating boulders, and utilizing lower-quality stone. transparent, certain drawings exhibit precisely what to do and the way to prevent problems.
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Additional resources for Building Stone Walls
39 Figuring Width Need for Footings For a ten-foot height, the base should be seven feet wide. Width can remain at the base dimension right to the top or it can taper (to a point if you like). The higher the wall, the deeper should be your footings. For any wall much over waist high (a major undertaking that presupposes an ample supply of stones), you should go down to below frost level or two feet,' whichever is deeper. This is a lot of work lost to the eye forever, but it guarantees a good wall.
So, either level out the ground or dig footings with bottoms having a plane parallel to the guideline. See the illustrations in Footings for several ways to achieve this. A lot of books tell you to put your Plumb line helps you get started with even courses when building on uneven ground. Dash Line (ground level) Footing Bottom 26 On steep grade base course stones are dug into steps. Rising Design Ground Level Step Design ,--;-V -"----1- --~ ---:/~ . - ;; 1 -----;7" .... / /~ /~ biggest, flattest shape stones at the bottom Worst Stones of the footing-then later on tell you to First save them for the topping course.
Then knock off the extra. You may have to get some heavy-duty equipment such as a heavy sledge. If the steel strikes sparks you probably have an igneous rock and should find another place for it to fit unless you want to spend a long time hammering. With good, longish, relatively flat stones, One on Two you should never have a vertical fissure in the wall that extends up from course to course. In other words, each rock should rest on at least two others in the course below, and joints between stones should not extend from course to course.
Building Stone Walls by John Vivian