By Jason C. Parker
In 1962, amidst the Cuban Revolution, 3rd global decolonization, and the African American freedom circulate, Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago grew to become the 1st British West Indian colonies to realize independence. those weren't simply the 1st new countries within the western hemisphere in additional than fifty years; additionally they received their independence with out the bloodshed that marked lots of the decolonization fight in different places. Jason Parker's overseas historical past of the peaceable transition in those islands analyzes the jobs of the us, Britain, the West Indies, and the transnational African diaspora within the strategy, from its Nineteen Thirties stirrings to its chilly conflict end result. Grounded in exhaustive examine carried out in seven nations, Brother's Keeper bargains an unique rethinking of the connection among the chilly warfare and 3rd global decolonization.
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Additional info for Brother's Keeper: The United States, Race, and Empire in the British Caribbean, 1937-1962
Once again, West Indians’ future had been decided over their heads. Roosevelt proclaimed “the most important . . reinforcement of our national defense . . since the Louisiana Purchase,” while Churchill, though aware that Britain had gotten the short end of the deal, took comfort in the warships and more importantly in the ways in which the Caribbean abetted the “mix[ing] up together” of Anglo-American affairs. Beyond its uncertain and potentially immense implications for American involvement in the European war, however, the Deal held even greater mystery in its hemispheric context.
23 Two explosions are of particular interest. The ﬁrst occurred in Trinidad in 1937; the second, in Jamaica the following year. Because they involved the most populous and prosperous of the West Indies, these disturbances together form a watershed of modern Caribbean and indeed modern imperial history. The dramatic story of the riots has been well told elsewhere. By way of quick sketch, it is worth noting here that what began as strikes in certain sectors spread quickly through many others. 24 In June 1937, borrowing the “sit-in” tactic from American autoworkers, oilworkers in the town of Fyzabad protested this and related injustices.
The year before, when Roosevelt and Churchill initiated the trade of bases for warships, commentary focused on the usual geopolitical suspects: waning British power, waxing American hegemony, and the Nazi menace. All of these were and are important in assessing the Bases-for-Destroyers Deal, its precursors, and its effects, but they miss much of the story. S. activity elsewhere in the hemisphere. –British–West Indian relations pointed toward a transition rife with uncertainty. Tropical Depression, Tropical Storms: 1937–1939 By the late 1930s, the British colonies had been a technical rebuke to the Monroe Doctrine for over a hundred years.
Brother's Keeper: The United States, Race, and Empire in the British Caribbean, 1937-1962 by Jason C. Parker