By Michael J. Reznicek
Alcohol, opiates, cocaine and marijuana, between different medicines, were used and abused for millennia. sooner than the illness version method of drug habit, which posits that dependancy is a mental and organic challenge and that victims are sufferers, societies had a achievable answer: allow humans eat what they need, and enable casual cultural controls make stronger accountable habit. felony sanctions have been reserved for any use that affected the protection of others. Blowing Smoke proposes an method of the conflict on medicines that returns us to the pre-disease-model period. Dr. Reznicek asserts that habit isn't a scientific challenge to be taken care of in rehab or via prohibiting substance use. quite, he debunks the illness version, arguing that it has exacerbated the matter by means of telling drug abusers that they're now not answerable for their habit, that they're unwell, that they're to not blame. He skillfully argues for a brand new method of drug use and abuse that calls for a shift within the approach we struggle the warfare on drugs.
Dr. Reznicek presents a brand new framework for figuring out drug abuse: the behavior version. conduct are practiced so long as they supply convenience, and are deserted after they reason discomfort. The behavior version is extra in keeping with present neuroscientific wisdom and it bills for the generally saw phenomenon that almost all substance abusers don’t switch till they “hit bottom,” the purpose the place the results of drug use eventually outweigh its merits.
Using the behavior version, Dr. Reznicek indicates the answer to the drug challenge is to show again the clock, and to take classes from societies that use social controls and outcomes to accommodate habit and drug abuse. He recommends the legalization of gear for adults, the implementation of social practices to dissuade abusers, and the top to using rehab as a manner of dealing with dependancy. Blowing Smoke exhibits how such an iconoclastic technique can paintings for us this day.
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Extra info for Blowing Smoke: Rethinking the War on Drugs Without Prohibition and Rehab
But eventually it had no choice. Karl Bowman, who at that time was chair of the RCPA’s Executive Committee, in the end accepted money from a group of distillers who had come forward. The focus of RCPA work subsequently changed and began to focus only on the study of the disease of alcoholism. ”27 This was not the only path that alcohol research could have taken. There was still plenty of work yet to be done regarding alcohol’s effects on the body, the physiological metabolism of alcohol, public safety issues, how education might affect consumption rates, and what kind of regulatory controls might minimize abusive drinking habits.
And many in the medical community remained skeptical late into the game. 26 Interestingly, they were trying to educate doctors about the disease model, not about AA. Another force behind the disease model was the alcohol beverage industry. After the RCPA hired Jellinek and spent the Carnegie grant money, its financial woes continued. The federal government was not supporting work in the alcohol field, and at that time the only offers for support came from the liquor industry. The RCPA initially refused to accept “wet” money so as not to be seen as a biased organization.
But there may have been less obvious dynamics at work. All these individuals had deeply troubled lives. Mann survived two suicide attempts and was a frequent patient of psychiatric asylums. R. Brinkley Smithers had fifty or more hospitalizations for drunkenness. Thomas Pike left his family to pursue forays on skid row. Senator Hughes was in and out of jail and almost ended his life holding a gun in the bathtub. Bill Wilson squandered a small fortune and his Wall Street career on drink. These were embarrassing segments of their lives, and it is possible that each carried some degree of shame and guilt.
Blowing Smoke: Rethinking the War on Drugs Without Prohibition and Rehab by Michael J. Reznicek