By Paul Weindling, Marius Turda
The heritage of eugenics and racial nationalism in primary and Southeast Europe is a overlooked subject of research in modern scholarship. The 20 essays during this quantity, written by means of individual students of eugenics and fascism along a brand new iteration of students, excavate the hitherto unknown eugenics events in crucial and Southeast Europe, together with Austria and Germany. Eugenics and racial nationalism are themes that experience consistently been marginalized and rated as incompatible with neighborhood nationwide traditions in principal and Southeast Europe. those subject matters obtain a brand new therapy the following. at the one hand, the historiographic viewpoint connects advancements within the heritage of anthropology and eugenics with political ideologies reminiscent of racial nationalism and anti-Semitism; nonetheless, it contests the Sonderweg procedure followed by means of students facing those matters. The publication might function a advisor within the heritage of eugenics and racism in critical and Southeast Europe among 1900 and 1940 and it can be used as a platform for a extra basic theoretical debate approximately theories of nationwide specificity and specialty .
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Paperback: 312 pages
writer: Wiley-Blackwell; Reprint version (January eight, 1991)
Product Dimensions: nine x 6. 1 x zero. eight inches
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Additional resources for Blood And Homeland: Eugenics And Racial Nationalism in Central And Southeast Europe, 1900-1940
Pöch believed that it was unlikely that Australian aborigines, for instance, constituted a source of degeneration for the simple reason that they were not “evolutionarily adapted” for agricultural labor. 4 The First World War played an important role in the development of physical anthropology as a discipline in Vienna. Austrian and German anthropologists regarded the soldiers held in prisoner of war camps as prime “material” for scientific research. The racial study of POWs had been initiated and financially supported by the Viennese Anthropological Society from 1915.
Despite Strickner’s insistence that no German-Polish “Zwischenschicht” (a mixed “ethnic layer in-between”) existed in the Posen area, the large number of mixed German-Polish marriages posed a threat to his clear distinction between “Germans” and “Poles” that underpinned the utopian idea of ethnic cleansing (völkische Flurbereinigung). Hence, in May 1940, the new Category C was added to the “German People’s List” in Posen. This introduced the inclusion of people who were of German origin but “had slithered into the Polish nation,” especially those from mixed German-Polish families.
However, the prisoner of war camps in the First World War allowed for an immediate comparison between different ethnic groups able to be studied in 44 “Blood and Homeland” one place, a special situation unlike any other colonial or civilian context. 8 Austrians were not the only anthropologists enthusiastic about the possibility of studying POWs. At the same time as Pöch started his project a commission was set up in Germany to collect sound documents of languages and songs of different nationalities in the camps.
Blood And Homeland: Eugenics And Racial Nationalism in Central And Southeast Europe, 1900-1940 by Paul Weindling, Marius Turda