Download PDF by Matthew M. Heaton: Black Skin, White Coats (New African Histories)

By Matthew M. Heaton

ISBN-10: 0821444735

ISBN-13: 9780821444733

Black epidermis, White Coats is a heritage of psychiatry in Nigeria from the Fifties to the Eighties. operating within the contexts of decolonization and anticolonial nationalism, Nigerian psychiatrists sought to exchange racist colonial psychiatric theories in regards to the mental inferiority of Africans with a common and egalitarian version concentrating on extensive mental similarities throughout cultural and racial limitations. specific emphasis is put on Dr. T. Adeoye Lambo, the 1st indigenous Nigerian to earn a distinctiveness measure in psychiatry within the uk in 1954. Lambo again to Nigeria to develop into the clinical superintendent of the newly based Aro psychological clinic in Abeokuta, Nigeria’s first  “modern” psychological health facility. At Aro, Lambo started to revolutionize psychiatric learn and medical perform in Nigeria, operating to integrate  “modern” western scientific idea and applied sciences with “traditional” cultural understandings of psychological disorder. Lambo’s study interested in deracializing psychiatric pondering and redefining psychological ailment by way of a version of common human similarities that crossed racial and cultural divides.

Black dermis, White Coats is the 1st paintings to concentration totally on black Africans as manufacturers of psychiatric wisdom and as definers of psychological sickness of their personal correct. by way of interpreting the ways in which Nigerian psychiatrists labored to combine their psychiatric education with their indigenous backgrounds and cultural and civic nationalisms, Black pores and skin, White Coats offers a foil to Frantz Fanon’s largely publicized reactionary articulations of the connection among colonialism and psychiatry. Black dermis, White Coats is usually at the leading edge of histories of psychiatry which are more and more drawing connections among neighborhood and nationwide advancements in late-colonial and postcolonial settings and foreign medical networks. Heaton argues that Nigerian psychiatrists have been in detail conscious of the necessity to interact in overseas discourses as half and parcel of the transformation of psychiatry at domestic.

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Home suggested that the new asylum should have at least five hundred beds, enough presumably to handle not only the violent and criminal lunatics but also a sizable number of “harmless” lunatics. 19 A compromise was reached in 1930 by which the asylum would be built piecemeal in three separate units. Unit A would accommodate 230 males; Unit B 58 males; and Unit C 188 females, bringing the ultimate total accommodation of the new asylum to 476 patients, very near Home’s suggested total of 500. However, the building would be a long-term process.

The intended size and scope of the new asylum continued to be a sticking point for some colonial officials, who could not get behind the need for a heavy expenditure on a government-run mental asylum. Home suggested that the new asylum should have at least five hundred beds, enough presumably to handle not only the violent and criminal lunatics but also a sizable number of “harmless” lunatics. 19 A compromise was reached in 1930 by which the asylum would be built piecemeal in three separate units.

The opportunities for comparison and synthesis are numerous. 28 w Introduction 1 w Colonial Institutions and Networks of Ethnopsychiatry African mentality—East, West and South—is, for certain reasons, more uniform than that of literate cultures, such as that of Europe. —J. C. Carothers, 1953 The position of lunatics in prisons is considerably worse than it would be if they were left to wander the streets. —C. E. Marlow, Acting Secretary of Health, Nigeria, 1957 Wh ile th is b o o k i s n o t ce n t r a l l y concerned with colonial psychiatry, it is important to provide some early background on psychiatry in colonial Nigeria in order to establish the professional context that Nigerian psychiatrists encountered in their efforts to transform psychiatric institutions from the 1950s.

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Black Skin, White Coats (New African Histories) by Matthew M. Heaton


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