By Saul Mayzlish, Leon Charney
The authors reached again into historical past to appreciate the explanations and techniques significant rabbis and Talmudic students deserted the Holy Land, either bodily and spiritually, to settle in what got here to be referred to as the lands of the Diaspora. This dramatic exodus was once opposite to the biblical injunction that each one Jews needs to reside within the land of Israel.
The conflict of the 2 Talmuds explains in nice aspect how the Babylonian students created their very own interpretation of the Torah that grew to take priority over that of the Jerusalem students. This publication indicates that every one people are topic in a variety of how you can energy, glory, and guilt. It used to be strength, glory, and guilt that has effected the culture and scholarship of Judaism for the previous 2,000 years.
The reader learns how those features intertwined in a favorable method to make Judaism an everlasting and colourful religion.
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Additional info for Battle of the Two Talmuds: Judaism's Struggle with Power, Glory, & Guilt
In some generations, the heads of the yeshivas were very rich people or they would receive large sums of money from the public to maintain them and support their students. The larger yeshivas were granted grounds and buildings. The permanent students were only a small part of the audience of Torah learners. A larger part attended the institution called Yarchei Kala, a so-called “popular university” that Jewish Babylonia arranged twice a year in the months of Adar and Elul (collectively called Kala), when field work was relatively scant.
Even so, sometimes we find aggadot in the Babylonian whose source is in the Jerusalem and vice versa. What is even more obvious is the lack of editing in the Jerusalem work. It is a much more transparent reflection of the oral tradition from which it sprang. It is largely unedited and resembles a debate with stream-of-consciousness 35 argumentation, which makes it more obtuse and difficult to follow than its Babylonian relation. It lacks the precision of that text, which was revised over a longer period of time and with greater care.
Over the centuries, however, Jerusalem became synonymous with the Land of Israel, and therefore the Talmud that was created there, apparently in Tiberias and partly in Caesarea, is known as the Jerusalem Talmud. Interest in the Jerusalem Talmud, which was never the subject of mainstream study, has been renewed only in the past few centuries. This revitalization reflects the trend toward gleaning from the Talmudic text information about the cultures in which its authors lived, their attitudes, and their interests.
Battle of the Two Talmuds: Judaism's Struggle with Power, Glory, & Guilt by Saul Mayzlish, Leon Charney