Paolo Giudici, Federico Lemmetti, Stefano Mazza's Balsamic Vinegars: Tradition, Technology, Trade PDF

By Paolo Giudici, Federico Lemmetti, Stefano Mazza

ISBN-10: 3319137581

ISBN-13: 9783319137582

​This publication bargains a transparent description of all of the balsamic vinegars and/or comparable items produced on the planet, their transformations in composition, caliber and use. This encompasses the entire steps for the construction of conventional Balsamic Vinegar: grape composition, crushing, focus of the needs to, alcoholic and acetic fermentation, growing old, sensorial houses and caliber of the ultimate product. This ebook covers generally all of the balsamic vinegars, specifically the economic ones that experience a truly huge industry and diffusion.

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Additional info for Balsamic Vinegars: Tradition, Technology, Trade

Example text

Gluconic acid, for example, can be produced by AAB in the presence of glucose and after ethanol depletion, which is why it was proposed as an indicator for TBV authenticity (Giudici 1993). e. Botrytis cinerea. Compared to wine vinegars, TBV samples have very similar titratable acidity levels, but a different qualitative composition. Tartaric acid is present in low percentages in mature TBV and its concentration decreases noticeably during maturing because of the precipitation in the form of potassium and calcium salts.

For BC and TBV, viscosity, syrupiness, and consistency are important attributes, and the higher the viscosity, the higher the perceived quality by consumers. These sensorial properties are achieved in different ways: increasing relative density by adding sugars or high-density syrups, or the addition of thickeners such as starch. For TBV, the addition of any additives or raw materials other than grape juice is not permitted, and the most widespread practice is the use of high-density cooked must at the beginning of the process.

However, the French occupiers, after having stripped the ducal palace of everything, sold the national assets, emptied the city’s coffers, and finally decided to sell off the balsamic vinegar of the Este court. After the events of the Napoleonic era in Italy, many commercial rivalries developed between traders of balsamic vinegar and various other kinds of vinegar, generically called “of Modena” (alla modenese in Italian) (Saccani and Ferrari Amorotti 1999). It is also reasonable to hypothesise that during the historical period between the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, the characteristic method of maturing by progressive transfer through barrels of decreasing size, called rincalzo,6 was introduced both for the “of Modena” vinegar and the higher quality balsamic vinegar (Giudici et al.

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Balsamic Vinegars: Tradition, Technology, Trade by Paolo Giudici, Federico Lemmetti, Stefano Mazza


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