By Rowen D. Frandson, W. Lee Wilke, Anna Dee Fails
Offers veterinary, animal technological know-how, agriculture, and veterinary technician scholars with a entire but transparent connection with figuring out the basics of anatomy and body structure of farm animals.
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Extra info for Anatomy and physiology of farm animals
Alternatively, tissue may be frozen in liquid Table 2-1. Metric Linear Measurements Unit Abbreviation Relationships Meter m 1 m = 102 cm, 103 mm, 106 μm, 109 nm, 1010 Å Centimeter cm 1 cm = 10−2 m, 101 mm, 104 μm, 107 nm, 108 Å Micrometer (micron) μm 1 μm = 10−6 m, 10−4 cm, 10−3 mm, 103 nm, 104 Å Nanometer nm 1 nm = 10−9 m, 10−7 cm, 10−6 mm, 10−3 μm, 10 Å Angstrom Å 1 Å = 10−10 m, 10−8 cm, 10−7 mm, 10−4 μm, 10−1 nm 26 / ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FARM ANIMALS nitrogen to prevent such degenerative changes.
Thus, ATP is used directly in maintenance of the low intracellular concentration of Na+, and this energy is used indirectly or secondarily to transport glucose. An important characteristic of primary and secondary active transport systems is their degree of specificity. In most cases, a given transport protein transports only specific ions or molecules. For example, the Na–K pump transports only Na+ and K+. Other electrolytes are not transported by this system. Membrane Potentials and Excitable Cells Resting Membrane Potential There is a relatively small difference in the amounts of charged ions locally on the opposite sides of the outer cell membrane of all animal cells.
28 / ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FARM ANIMALS Secretory vesicle Golgi complex lipid inclusion nuclear pore centrosome mitochondrion nuclear envelope rough endoplasmic reticulum nucleolus smooth endoplasmic reticulum Figure 2-7. The general organization of a cell. The nucleus contains a distinct nucleolus. , Eurell, J. Textbook of Veterinary Histology. 5th edition. ) The Cell Membrane Structure of the Membrane The outer cell membrane, also known as plasma membrane, and other membranes within the cell primarily consist of phospholipids, proteins, and cholesterol.
Anatomy and physiology of farm animals by Rowen D. Frandson, W. Lee Wilke, Anna Dee Fails