By Trevor Munroe
Crucial fabric for first-year scholars in social sciences and for the final reader drawn to the fundamentals of up to date politics.
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Extra info for An Introduction to Politics: Lectures for First Year Students
They are expelled from the organization, disciplined, or suspended. Some form of sanction accompanies disagreement. This type of leadership predominated in the past in Caribbean political culture. Between the 1940s and 1970s the dominant political culture accepted that leaders were charismatic, paternalist, or managerialist and citizens/followers had little or no right to disagree, followed whatever they said, and supported whatever they did. The classic leader of this type would have been Jamaica’s Sir Alexander Bustamante.
The inequality to which we refer is not just inequality within countries, but it is also an inequality based on other criteria, such as race and ethnicity so that the gap between black and white has widened globally. Gaps between different regions of the world have also widened and as people try unsuccessfully to close them, resentment grows. Resentment, envy, and discontent contribute to changes in the way people think and how they behave. We conclude that as a result of a range of social forces affecting different countries, different regions, and different peoples to one degree or another, changes in attitudes and behaviour have been triggered.
Each country is more or less close to being, but not purely, authoritarian or democratic. Each of these represents an extreme or pure type and neither exists in the real world. In an authoritarian state, although power is concentrated, control is never complete. For example, in slave society, obviously, power and authority were highly concentrated in the hands of the slave masters but that did not prevent the slaves from eluding the control of their masters. In the religious dictatorship prior to the removal of the Taliban government in Afghanistan, authoritarianism was not complete.
An Introduction to Politics: Lectures for First Year Students by Trevor Munroe