By Jan Harold Brunvand
Comprises over 500 articlesRanging over foodways and folksongs, quiltmaking and desktop lore, Pecos invoice, Butch Cassidy, and Elvis sightings, greater than 500 articles highlight folks literature, song, and crafts activities and vacations tall stories and mythical figures genres and varieties scholarly ways and theories areas and ethnic teams performers and creditors writers and students non secular ideals and practices. The alphabetically prepared entries range from concise definitions to certain surveys, every one observed by means of a short, updated bibliography.
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Alton Augustus Adams, Sr. , used to be a musician, author, hotelier, and the 1st black bandmaster of the us military. Born within the Virgin Islands in 1889, Adams joined the U. S. army in 1917. even supposing naval coverage on the time constrained blacks to menial jobs, Adams and his all-black ensemble supplied a bridge among the neighborhood inhabitants and their all-white naval directors.
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Additional resources for American Folklore: An Encyclopedia (Garland Reference Library of the Humanities)
A system of folk belief known as conjure or hoodoo evolved in many Southern locales. Believers presumed that conjure doctors understood how to use powers contained in nature, and some conjure doctors were accorded the same respect as preachers. Conjure or hoodoo are sometimes confused with voodoo, which is akin to vaudou in Haiti. These belief systems stem from Dahomean (present-day Nigeria) sacred practices. Dahomeans traded into slavery were transported to Haiti. Some of these slaves were then traded to New Orleans.
Many of these either rented camps, stayed in luxurious hotels, or vacationed in their own camp. In the late 1870s, the area around Saranac Lake began to be touted for its healthy air. Medical doctors recommended extended stays in the region for the treatment of tuberculosis and other lung diseases. Numerous sanatoriums were constructed around the village, drawing thousands of famous and obscure patients, all seeking to breathe the curing Adirondack air. Out of the tourist industry developed a folk tradition centering on the exploits and heroism of the Adirondack guide.
Girls often begin by chanting the intricate rhymes that accompany “Double-Dutch” jump-roping sessions. ” In some circles, sophisticated verbal artistry is conveyed in toasts—lengthy epic poems featuring the escapades of unlikely Black heroes. Other familiar genres of African American folk speech include signifyin’, capping, rapping, loud-talking, and marking. Friendly competition is often the hallmark of these forms as individuals vie for respect by showing off their verbal prowess. Contemporary legends and rumors are as common among African Americans as they are within the dominant culture.
American Folklore: An Encyclopedia (Garland Reference Library of the Humanities) by Jan Harold Brunvand