By Khaled Fahmy
Whereas scholarship has commonly considered Mehmed Ali Pasha because the founding father of smooth Egypt, Khaled Fahmy bargains a brand new interpretation of his function within the upward push of Egyptian nationalism, firmly finding him in the Ottoman context as an formidable, if tricky, Ottoman reformer. Basing his paintings on formerly ignored archival fabric, the writer demonstrates how Mehmed Ali sought to boost the Egyptian economic system and to accumulate the military, now not as a way of gaining Egyptian independence from the Ottoman empire, yet to extra his personal targets for well-known hereditary rule over the province. via targeting the military and the soldier’s day-by-day stories, the writer constructs an in depth photo of makes an attempt at modernization and reform, how they have been deliberate and carried out via numerous reformers, and the way the general public at huge understood and accommodated them. during this manner, the paintings contributes to the bigger methodological and theoretical debates bearing on nation-building and the development of kingdom strength within the specific context of early nineteenth-century Egypt.
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Additional resources for All the Pasha's Men: Mehmed Ali His Army and the Making of Modern Egypt
Together these two men and their associates were to carve out an empire for themselves out of Ottoman territories . . "62 Nevertheless, the same characteristic problem of nationalist discourse remains: Marsot assumes the pre-existence of national sentiments, arguing that they simply needed a great reformer to rekindle them, even if that figure was of a different ethnic, linguistic and cultural background from his subjects and even if he was not explicitly fighting for their sake and, moreover, despite their ostensible opposition to him.
This sharp stratification was even more apparent in the case of Mehmed Ali's army than with most other contemporary armies since the officer corps was ethnically and linguistically different from the overwhelming majority of the soldiery. Studying the internal relationship between soldiers and officers within that army, therefore, allows us to see how a representative proportion of the masses dealt with members of the elite and how these conflictual boundaries between the Turkish-speaking elite and the Arabic-speaking lower classes were constantly fought and challenged.
Alan Sheridan (New York: Vintage Books, 1979). Mitchell, Colonising Egypt, pp. 153-54. 79 80 The Pasha and his nizam 31 Egyptian society after the British military takeover in 1882. Rather, it was a process that had started much earlier and which entailed the complete restructuring of Egyptian society - the government bureaucracy, the military, the schools, cities, towns, streets, houses, families and the body of the individual - in such a way that made Egypt not only more profitable, more productive, but also represented the country in a manner that produced the same division of the world into two domains that had been accomplished earlier in Europe and which made it more accessible to European control.
All the Pasha's Men: Mehmed Ali His Army and the Making of Modern Egypt by Khaled Fahmy