By Maria Caridad Cruz, Roberto Sanchez Medina
This article follows Cuba's efforts to dig itself out of an financial rut via new and unique examine referring to construction, help structures, caliber upkeep, and alternate structures of Havana and its city agricultural zone. specific cognizance is given to various comparable components, together with criminal frameworks, problems with irrigation, girls and their participation within the agricultural zone. This booklet has been ready for researchers, experts, manufacturers, scholars, selection makers and people with a basic curiosity within the administration and keep an eye on of the city surroundings.
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Additional resources for Agriculture in the City: A Key to Sustainability in Havana, Cuba
Farmers in Havana rented their farms from the state and a piece of land was set aside for the farmer's family's consumption. The rest of the leased farm went to state-run companies for raising livestock and for different crops. The plots of land that at a given time were not producing, were assigned to labour centres for the workers' use. As mentioned above, once the centres stopped using the land, the municipal agricultural commissions evaluated the areas' optimum level of use by the farmer and, according to the results, he or she was granted either part of the farm or all of it.
Yield/ ha Producers/ ha Production/ producer TOTAL State farms for producers' consumption 1 5 2 8 Plots 3 2 1 6 Intensive-cultivation gardens 4 4 4 12 Urban community gardens 5 3 5 13 High-yield urban gardens 6 1 3 10 Field workers 2 6 6 14 Ranking according to efficiency As shown above, the highest levels of efficiency correspond to field workers, urban community gardens and intensive-cultivation gardens, in this order, without a significant difference among them, which, to a certain extent, correlates with the method used.
This was a very important decision, since most of these plots were owned by the state and authorization from the government was required to use them. Multiple uses were conceived for the plots of land and vacant lots, as well as those unexploited areas within educational or health services facilities, etc. These lots were of different sizes but usually less than 1,500 square meters and were owned either privately or by the government. They were handed over temporarily (without stating the duration), free of charge, to be worked by one or several families, neighbours, students and teachers of school centres, children and assistants in day-care centres and workers in working centres.
Agriculture in the City: A Key to Sustainability in Havana, Cuba by Maria Caridad Cruz, Roberto Sanchez Medina