By Edward Shorter
This is often the 1st old dictionary of psychiatry. It covers the topic from autism to Vienna, and comprises the major ideas, contributors, areas, and associations that experience formed the evolution of psychiatry and the neurosciences. An creation places extensive tendencies and overseas alterations in context, and there's an intensive bibliography for extra examining. each one access offers the most dates, topics, and personalities interested in the unfolding of the subject. Longer entries describe the evolution of such topics as melancholy, schizophrenia, and psychotherapy. The e-book provides prepared connection with when issues occurred in psychiatry, how and where they occurred, and who made the most contributions. moreover, it touches on such social issues as "women in psychiatry," "criminality and psychiatry," and "homosexuality and psychiatry." A complete index makes instantly available topics that don't seem within the alphabetical directory. between those that will enjoy this dictionary are clinicians fascinated about the origins of ideas they use of their day-by-day practices, akin to "paranoia," "selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors" (SSRIs), or "tardive dyskinesia"; easy scientists who wish prepared connection with the improvement of such innovations as "neurotransmitters," "synapse," or "neuroimaging"; scholars of clinical historical past prepared to situate the psychiatric narrative inside better occasions, and most of the people concerned with health problems that will have an effect on them, their households and their communities-or readers who in simple terms need to know concerning the grand chain of occasions from the asylum to Freud to Prozac. Bringing jointly info from the English, French, German, Italian, and Scandinavian languages, the Dictionary rests on an immense base of fundamental resources that hide the expansion of psychiatry via all of Western society.
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Additional resources for A Historical Dictionary of Psychiatry
Controlled by . . various psychological defense mechanisms” (p. 31). 31 Attention Deﬁcit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Anxiety and phobic disorders in DSM-III (1980). ” As the “Research Diagnostic Criteria” of 1978 in the Archives of General Psychiatry by Robert Spitzer, Jean Endicott (a Columbia University psychologist, born in 1936), and Eli Robins had forecast (see PANIC DISORDER), anxiety neurosis was split into panic disorder and generalized anxiety disorder. ) The distinction between somatic and psychological anxiety is reactivated (2003).
First description of akathisia (1880). In his Practical Treatise on Nervous Exhaustion (Neurasthenia), New York neurologist and electrotherapist George Beard (1839–1883) described as a characteristic of neurasthenia, “Fidgetiness and inability to keep still—a sensation that amounts to pain—is sometimes unspeakably distressing. . When the legs feel this way, the sufferer must get up and walk or run. . A gentleman once under my care could not sit still in the chair long enough to take an application of electricity” (pp.
This anxiety regularly eventuates in the emergence of certain conceptions [Vorstellungen] of an anxious nature” (Outline, p. 239). Prominent in the disorder was physical (motor) agitation; the patients were impossible to keep in bed. Wernicke said that so-called agitated melancholy represented a subform of psychotic anxiety and was not further related to melancholy. The prognosis of anxiety psychosis was favorable. Hartenberg describes “timidity” (1901). ” He deﬁned timidity as “a complex state of agitation [trouble], confusion, embarrassment, fear, scrupulousness, shame etc.
A Historical Dictionary of Psychiatry by Edward Shorter