By Paul A. Lombardo
In 1907, Indiana handed the world's first involuntary sterilization legislations according to the idea of eugenics. In time, greater than 30 states and a dozen overseas international locations go well with. even supposing the Indiana statute used to be later declared unconstitutional, different legislation limiting immigration and regulating marriage on "eugenic" grounds have been nonetheless in impact within the U.S. as overdue because the Seventies. A Century of Eugenics in the US assesses the background of eugenics within the usa and its prestige within the age of the Human Genome undertaking. The essays discover the early aid of obligatory sterilization by means of medical professionals and legislators; the implementation of eugenic schemes in Indiana, Georgia, California, Minnesota, North Carolina, and Alabama; the criminal and social demanding situations to sterilization; and the clients for a eugenics circulate basing its claims on glossy genetic technology.
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Vasectomy offered the possibility of rendering men infertile without subjecting them to the cruelty of destroying their sexual function. ”15 After reading Ochsner’s article, Sharp initiated his own eugenic program by operating on a young man named Clawson. According to Sharp, Clawson’s problem was excessive masturbation. Sharp had learned in medical school that masturbation was a cause of degeneracy. That belief was more than two centuries old and held that loss of semen through any sexual excess, including masturbation, would lead to physical and mental degeneracy that would subsequently reappear in the next genera- 20â•… · â•… E l of A x e l C a r l s o n tion.
Oklahoma (1942),43 when the United States Supreme Court struck down a law to sterilize three-time offenders on “equal protection” grounds. The flaw in Oklahoma’s law was that white-collar felons were spared surgery, whereas it was prescribed for petty criminals such as chicken thieves. ”44 In the post-Skinner environment, the Indiana Senate attempted to cede all “powers and duties in connection with sexual sterilization” to the Indiana Council for Mental Health. While the legislation cleared the 36â•… · â•… J a s o n S .
The flaw in Oklahoma’s law was that white-collar felons were spared surgery, whereas it was prescribed for petty criminals such as chicken thieves. ”44 In the post-Skinner environment, the Indiana Senate attempted to cede all “powers and duties in connection with sexual sterilization” to the Indiana Council for Mental Health. While the legislation cleared the 36â•… · â•… J a s o n S . 45 In 1951, the legislature adopted new procedures for appealing a sterilization order. Representatives George S.
A Century of Eugenics in America: From the Indiana Experiment to the Human Genome Era (Bioethics and the Humanities) by Paul A. Lombardo